Laptops

8 Best Hackintosh Laptops: Reviewed, Rated & Compared

Love Apple products but don’t want to pay the premium prices they charge? What if we told you there was another option?

Well, with modern technology, you can now run the same software used by Apple on a windows machine.

Image

Product Name

Processor (CPU)

RAM

Screen Size

Check Price

Dell New XPS 13 9300 13.4-inch FHD...

10th Gen i7

16 GB

13"

HP Spectre x360 2019 13T Gemcut Laptop...

10th Gen i7

16 GB

13"

Lenovo ThinkPad T440P 14' Laptop Computer...

10th Gen i5

8 GB

15"

MSI GS65 Stealth THIN-051 15.6' 144Hz 7ms...

10th Gen i7

32 GB

15"

2019 Lenovo Yoga C930 2-in-1 13.9' FHD...

10th Gen i7

12 GB

14"

Dell XPS 15 7590, 15.6' 4K UHD Touch, 9th Gen...

10th Gen i7

32 GB

15"

No products found.

Intel i5

16 GB

15"

LG Gram Laptop 17' (2560x1600) IPS Display,...

Intel i7

16 GB

17"

Why Choose A Hackintosh Compatible Laptop Instead Of Apple Devices?

Anyone who has ever faced the struggle of deciding which operating system to choose when purchasing a laptop will know how hard the decision can be. This is especially true for those who have always used the Mac operating system but have run into compatibility problems.

Windows laptops tend to be cheaper. This means for the same money you would spend on a new MacBook, and you could get a much more powerful machine running windows.

Luckily, with advancements in technology, you can now purchase a laptop that is suitable as a Hackintosh. A Hackintosh is a Windows laptop that you can run the Mac operating system. This means you can get a better laptop spec wise and then use it like a MacBook.

This article is for those that want to buy a laptop suitable for this. We will review some of the best laptops currently on the market specifically for running as a Hackintosh.


Considerations When Building A Hackintosh Laptop

Intel Processor

Your processor is the most important piece of the puzzle. This is the brain of your laptop, the component making all of the decisions.

The faster your processor, the better everything else will run. Working as a Hackintosh is particularly intensive and will require a high-end processor to run.

The other thing you have to remember is that only a laptop with an Intel processor will be capable of running as a Hackintosh, so make sure you avoid laptops that have an AMD chipset.

At a minimum, we would recommend a laptop running at least an Intel i5 or above and as a recent generation as possible.

Compatibility

Some laptops come with all of the necessary tech to run the Mac operating system; however, many do not. If you are picking a laptop that isn't on the following list, make sure you research how compatible it is with the Mac operating system.

Installation Guide

Here is a brief guide in installing macOS onto a windows laptop written by the legendary Hackintosh pro-Tony Macx86, owner of the massively popular Hackintosh forum Tony Mac.

STEP 1: Download macOS Big Sur Public Beta
  1. 1
    Enroll in the Free Apple Beta Software Program
  2. 2
    Download Public Beta Access Utility
  3. 3
    Run the installer. System Preferences / Software Update will then open.
  4. 4
    Choose Update Now to download the 12 GB installation application.
STEP 2: Load macOS onto a memory card
  1. 1
    The Application Install MacOS Big Sur Beta will appear in Applications.
  2. 2
    Prepare Bootable USB Drive
  3. 3
    This step extracts the installer contents, then installs Clover bootloader to the USB stick.
STEP 3: Install macOS Big Sur Public Beta
  1. 1
    Insert the USB drive
  2. 2
    Open/Applications/Utilities/Disk Utility
  3. 3
    Highlight the USB drive in the left column
  4. 4
    Click on the Partition tab
  5. 5
    Click Current and choose 1 Partition
  6. 6
    Click Options
  7. 7
    Choose GUID Partition Table
  8. 8
    Under Name, type USB (you can rename it later)
  9. 9
    Under Format, choose Mac OS Extended (Journaled)
  10. 10
    Click Apply, then Partition
  11. 11
    Open /Applications/Utilities/Terminal
  12. 12
    Type the following, sudo /Applications/Install\ macOS\ Big\ Sur\ Beta.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia --volume /Volumes/USB /Applications/Install\ macOS\ Big\ Sur\ Beta.app --nointeraction
  13. 13
    Enter your password, and hit enter. This command completely erases the USB, then creates native installer media from the Install macOS Beta Application.
Support

This is pretty experimental tech, which means you could run into a huge range of different bugs and errors. Luckily, there is a huge community online that has extensive experience in hacking their laptops to run macOS, and they are a really friendly, helpful bunch.

One of the best sources of information and help is Tony Mac, so head there if you run into problems or need guidance.

Other Features

After all of the research you have done regarding the specifics of Hackintosh laptops, do not forget their original purpose, to be an amazing laptop.

Things you should consider when purchasing any laptop include the size and quality of the display. The higher the quality, the bigger the battery drain. So decide whether portability or battery life is the most important.

Next, you should consider how strong the graphics card is, especially if you want to play some games on your laptop. A dedicated GPU is always better than integrated.

Finally, look at the quality of the keyboard. If you spend a lot of time typing, then this is even more important. Not all keyboards are created equal, and everyone has their own preference when it comes to resistance and throw.

Remember that you may be spending hours upon hours typing on this keyboard; make sure you get it right!

Price & Warranty

When we decide what laptops to review, we always break them down into their individual components. This allows us to check how well the laptop performs per dollar. Sometimes we find laptops that are worth a lot more than their price-tag.

A good warranty is always a good decision. If you are given the offer to extend it, we highly recommend you do. When you are fiddling with things as important as your laptop's operating system, you will be thankful for the warranty if things go wrong.

mac laptop

8 Best Hackintosh Laptops Reviewed

1. DELL XPS 13 9300

Dell New XPS 13 9300 13.4-inch FHD...
  • Precision cut from a block of aluminum in two...
  • Corning Gorilla Glass 6 is tough, damage...
  • Dual fans separated to spread heat over a...
  • The power button lets you log on with just a...

Best Hackintosh Laptop

Processor (CPU)

10th Gen i7

RAM

16 GB

Display Resolution

4K

Graphics/GPU

GTX 1650

Screen Size

13"

Storage

512GB SSD

The Dell XPS range holds a special place in my heart. Over the last few years, I have owned eight laptops (I'm a tech nerd). Three of them have been from the XPS range.

These laptops were designed to be the cutting edge of professional laptops, and they do not disappoint. Filled with enough power to easily take on the MacBook Pro, they make the perfect Hackintosh laptop.

Let's look at why this laptop is so special. Firstly, you have the 10th generation i7 processor, one of the best CPUs around. Then you have a whopping 16 GB of DDR4 Ballistic RAM to help everything run silky smooth.

Storage-wise, you get a 512GB SSD M.2, which is lightning quick, something you really appreciate when using a laptop as a Hackintosh.

Then you have the display, which is out of this world. When you are taking on a display like the Retina found on the MacBook, you really have to bring your A-game, and bring their A-game Dell did.

The 500 nits anti-glare InfinityEdge touchscreen is, without a doubt, the best looking touchscreen we have seen on a laptop.

With a laptop this powerful, you might be worried about heat, but Dell has installed twin carbon edged fans to disperse the heat through the dual heat pipes. This means your laptops stay cool under pressure, just like you do.

The XPS range was designed with the modern executive in mind, and you have the sleek carbon design that makes it the perfect addition to the office. You also have the mechanical keys with muted switches, allowing you to type as you do on an expensive mechanical keyboard without the clickety-clack associated.

Then you have the high quality 2mm HD webcam, which ensures that you always look your best during Zoom calls.

If you need to use your laptop untethered from the power-point for long periods, you will be pleasantly surprised. Unlike most high-powered laptops, the XPS range has adaptive battery performance that uses AI to effectively monitor your power output. When you are doing less demanding things, it reduces battery output, prolonging your battery life.

Maybe I'm biased. More likely, though, is that this is an incredible laptop, one that is ready to stand toe to toe with any Mac and remain king of the hill.

You want the best, look no further!

Good
  • Dell executive styling
  • Amazing screen
  • Thin and lightweight
  • InfinityEdge display
Bad
  • Easy to break
computer

2. HP Spectre x360

HP Spectre x360 2019 13T Gemcut Laptop...
  • HP Spectre x360 13T Cutting Edge GEM CUT...
  • UNMATCHED AUDIO PERFORMANCE with QUAD Bang &...
  • SUPERIOR SPEED and NETWORKING: Fast Data...
  • IMPRESSIVE HD PANEL with HD Active Stylus Pen...

Best HP Hackintosh Laptop

Processor (CPU)

10th Gen i7

RAM

16 GB

Display Resolution

1080p

Graphics/GPU

Intel UHD

Screen Size

13"

Storage

512GB SSD

HP is known for its rock-solid mid-ranged laptops and budget-friendly beasts. We love them for that, but their high-end laptop range is often a little bit lacking.

Then every once in a while, they produce a laptop that surprises us; the HP Specter x360 was that laptop. For a great price, HP has managed to create a 2in1 laptop that has the power of a much more expensive machine.

You get 16GB DDR4 Ballistic RAM, which synergizes perfectly with the Intel i7 processor to produce insane computing power. You also get 512GB worth of SSD m.2 Storage.

One of the best things about the Spectre is its innovative approach to the 2in1 design. The HD Stylus that comes in the box is one of the most accurate e-pens we have ever used. This makes the Spectre one of the best Hackintosh options as not only can it be used like a MacBook, but also like an iPad!

The screen is an active HD panel and does well when it comes to watching content. It suffered a little bit from fps drop during gaming, but that isn't a dealbreaker for most.

The slim bezel design makes you feel like you are looking at a larger screen than you would get in other 13 inch laptops, which is a massive plus.

The speakers are designed by the legendary Bang & Olufsen team and provide some deep and loud, yet crisp sounds. You can't quite have a party, but you can comfortably fill a room with sound.

If you need an ultra-portable laptop, the Spectre is perfect. Weighing in at under 3 pounds and only half an inch thick, you can throw the Spectre into your backpack without even noticing it is in there.

HP has impressed us here, so if you have owned HP gear that you love before and want to upgrade to one of the best laptops they have ever made, this is where to look.

Good
  • Amazing pen
  • 2-in-1 functionality
  • B&O audio
  • iPad competition
Bad
  • FPS drop during gaming

3. Lenovo Lenovo IdeaPad Flex 5

On Sale Today
Lenovo ThinkPad T440P 14" Laptop Computer...
  • 14" 1366x768 LCD; Intel HD Graphics
  • Intel i5-4300M(2.6GHz up to 3.3GHz with...
  • 8GB RAM,128GB SSD

Best Cheap Hackintosh Laptop

Processor (CPU)

10th Gen i5

RAM

8 GB

Display Resolution

1080p

Graphics/GPU

Intel UHD

Screen Size

15"

Storage

128GB SSD

If you need a cheap laptop capable of running as a Hackintosh, the Lenovo IdeaPad is our next offering.

Lenovo has always been known for building no-fuss laptops that come with more power than you would expect for the price-tag. Their ThinkPad range is the most used laptop range in the world for corporate businesses.

With their conservative looks and capability to run high-end PC components, they have taken the world by storm, and their IdeaPad's are becoming just as popular.

This particular IdeaPad is called the Flex 5. IT has a Full HD touchscreen display panel and Intel UHD Graphics. Then there is the 10th generation i5 processor, a powerhouse for the price. Supporting this is a capable 8GB DDR4 RAM and a 128GB SSD.

The IdeaPad comes in Graphite Grey and looks modern and sleek. Running either Windows 10 or macOS is a breeze. If you want an effortless experience, we found it very easy to install macOS onto the IdeaPad, so it may make the perfect choice for a newcomer.

The 360-degree hinge design makes it the perfect travel companion, capable of changing from laptop to tablet instantly. There is also a range of different security features onboard, from the privacy shuttered webcam to the fingerprint scanner and cloud security.

The keyboard is great to type on and comes with backlit keys for working in low lighting scenarios, and the trackpad is really responsive, which is rare in ultra-portables.

If you want a Hackintosh that won't break the bank, one that is easily as powerful as the MacBook Air, then this would make the perfect purchase.

Good
  • Responsive trackpad
  • 360-degree hinge
  • Backlit keyboard
  • Budget-friendly
Bad
  • Small storage

4. MSI GS65 Stealth THIN

MSI GS65 Stealth THIN-051 15.6" 144Hz 7ms...
  • Display: 15.6" FHD, 4.9mm Ultra Thin Bezel...
  • Processor: New Intel Core i7-8750H 2.2 -...
  • Graphics Card: NVIDIA GeForce GTX1060 6G...
  • RAM: 16GB (8G*2) DDR4 2400MHz, 2 Sockets; Max...

Best Laptop for Catalina Hackintosh

Processor (CPU)

10th Gen i7

RAM

32 GB

Display Resolution

4K

Graphics/GPU

RTX 2080

Screen Size

15"

Storage

1TB SSD

If you plan to install Catalina macOS onto your laptop, then you will want to look at our next option. Made by MSI, the gaming giant, the Stealth Thin is an ultraportable beast that comes with all of the necessary tech to play AAA+ games.

This makes it one of the most powerful ultra-portable laptops on the market and the perfect choice for a Hackintosh build.

The MSI Stealth THIN comes with a ridiculous spec list. To start with, you have the latest generation of RTX 2080 graphics card, once the pinnacle of graphics processing technology. This means that you can watch up to 8k content.

This powers the incredible display panel, which refreshes at a rate of 240hz, which is just unbelievable. This means that even watching the highest-end content, and you will get the smoothest user experience possible.

It doesn't stop there either; the Stealth has 32GHB DDR4 RAM, which is overkill in every sense of the word, and a 1 TB m.2 SSD, which is a vast amount of the world's fastest storage for you to take advantage of. Finally, you have a six-core i7, rounding this immense battle station off.

Surprisingly for a laptop of this power, the battery life is pretty good, too, offering 8+ hours of moderate use. You don't normally see that in an ultra-portable high-performance rig.

If you love your laptop to look as cool as you do, this is the laptop to go with. The golden dragon logo and sleek gold trim around the exhausts and hinges make this laptop look like a million bucks.

The silky glass touchscreen is precise to the touch and can be used via ten different gestures to give you full control.

Then you have the SteelSeries RGB designed keyboard, which comes with over 10,000,000 color combinations. This looks especially good when paired with the MSI App player, making software installation simple as it can be.

When you take on a machine as brilliant as the MacBook Pro, you need an equally brilliant machine, and the Stealth Thin more than lives up to the expectations.

If you need help installing macOS to your Stealth, check this guide out here.

Good
  • 240 Hz monitor
  • Extreme power
  • Steel series keyboard
  • Silky glass touchpad
Bad
  • Gold trim may not be to everyone's taste

5. Lenovo Yoga C930

2019 Lenovo Yoga C930 2-in-1 13.9" FHD...
  • Premium craftsmanship and style - Crafted...
  • 13.9" Full HD touch screen - 1920 x 1080...
  • 8th Gen Intel Core i7-8550U processor -...
  • Two Thunderbolt 3 ports for connecting...

Best Hackintosh Laptop for Design

Processor (CPU)

10th Gen i7

RAM

12 GB

Display Resolution

1080p

Graphics/GPU

UHD 620

Screen Size

14"

Storage

512TB SSD

If you need a laptop to help you with your design work. This next laptop is our favorite laptop for designers.

The Lenovo Yoga is the second Lenovo laptop on this list. It is a 2 in 1 14" FHDS touchscreen-enabled laptop with some serious spec.

First, you have 12 GB DDR4 RAM, which is enough to keep all design programs running seamlessly. Then you have an Intel i7 CPU and a 512GB SSD.

The Yoga is crafted from brushed aluminum, which keeps the whole laptop's weight down to a tiny amount. The hinges utilize new ultra-strong bearings, too, stopping the dreaded snapping issue.

Constructed from aerospace-grade metal, Yoga 2-in-1 laptops offer smooth and stable 360 rotation as they transition from tablet mode to laptop mode and vice versa. This makes the Yoga an extremely versatile laptop for taking on the job when designing.

The screen is a 1920x1080 touchscreen with IPS and LED backlighting. This is powered by the Intel UHD 620 chipset giving it enough graphical prowess for most tasks.

There are two Thunderbolt ports onboard, making it the perfect laptop to hook up to several monitors for multi-tasking.

There is a four-cell lithium-ion battery on board too, which gives the Yoga a really long battery life capable of being away from a socket for a decent period of time, even under heavy use.

The Yoga has optimized AI specifically for allocating the right amount of power depending on the task at hand too.

Then you have one of the coolest features, a permanently installed e-pen, which means you always have a stylus ready for when inspiration hits you. This pen works well, too, and has more finesse than some of the latest Samsung styluses.

Finally, you can make use of Lenovo Premium Care, one of the best warranties add-ons we have ever seen. By upgrading to Premium Care, you get 24/7 support, free health checks for your laptop, real-time help with solutions, and a guided help desk for hardware and software installation.

Good
  • IPS HD panel
  • 2 Thunderbolt ports
  • Battery-saving AI
  • Lenovo premium care enabled
Bad
  • Intel graphics

6. Dell XPS 15 7590

On Sale Today
Dell XPS 15 7590, 15.6" 4K UHD Touch, 9th Gen...
  • 15.6" 4K Ultra HD (3840 x 2160) InfinityEdge...
  • Backlit Keyboard, 1TB PCIe Solid State Drive
  • 32GB DDR4 RAM, NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1650 4GB...
  • Killer 1535 Wireless-AC 2x2 WLAN + Bluetooth...

Best Hackintosh Laptop for Video Editing

Processor (CPU)

10th Gen i7

RAM

32 GB

Display Resolution

4K

Graphics/GPU

GTX 1650

Screen Size

15"

Storage

1TB SSD

The second XPS to make it onto the list is the XPS 15, the bigger beefier brother of our top slot winner, the XPS 13.

When it comes to video editing, you need a laptop to handle the immense strain you will be putting on it. This means you need cutting edge tech and a display panel that looks as good as your photos.

The XPS 15 has the same ability as the XPS 13 to make a big-screen fit into a smaller laptop. Whereas the XPS 13 looks like an 11" laptop, the XPS 15 looks like a 13" laptop with a 115" screen. This is due to the InfinityEdge bezel design that wraps the panel.

One of the reasons the XPS 15 is so good at video editing is due to the Cinema Color Visuals system that the XPS uses. The colors seem endlessly vibrant, and the details are as sharp and crisp as they can be.

Blacks are deliciously dark, and the HDR boosting tech on board makes things look incredible. This makes it an absolute pleasure to edit photos and videos on.

You get 32GB DDR4 RAM, which is essential when video editing, and a 6-core i7 processor paired with a GTX 1650 graphics card. This means that you will have the smoothest experience possible.

The XPS laptops are famous for their approach to executive function too. The webcam has been designed from the ground up using a 4-element lens. This means you will always be the sharpest, clearest video in any group meetings via Zoom or google hangouts.

You also get the Killer Wireless technology Dell uses in its highest-end laptops. The range on this card is exceptional, and the drop-out is non-existent. If you have suffered from weak wifi before, the XPS 15 will no let you down.

Finally, you get the ThunderBolt 3 multi-use ports, which will allow you to plug in multiple 4K monitors with 0 latency. You can make use of the 40GBps transfer rate as well, making photo/video upload times plummet.

If you love video editing and want a Hackintosh that is perfect for you, this is what we would lean towards.

Good
  • Dell executive styling
  • 4K touchscreen
  • Thin and Lightweight
  • Dell customer support
Bad
  • Pricey

7. HP Probook 430

No products found.

Best Value for Money Hackintosh Laptop

Processor (CPU)

Intel i5

RAM

16 GB

Display Resolution

1080p

Graphics/GPU

Intel UHD

Screen Size

15"

Storage

512TB M.2 SSD

If you are on the lookout for a Hackintosh capable laptop that is worth every single penny spent, you should look at the HP Probook 430. HP has created a strange product here.

By using some powerful parts and cutting costs in every place possible, the HP ProBook is the perfect laptop for those that prioritize performance and want to get the best return for their money.

For example, there is an M.2 grade 512GB SSD, one of the fastest of its kind, 16GB DDR4 RAM, and an Intel Quad-Core i5. This powers the high-grade FHD display panel, which looks beautiful from all angles.

There is a backlit keyboard made with HP's usual attention to detail, and it feels awesome to type on and is easy to use in low lighting situations.

You also get some of the newest style ports, with a USB-C and RJ-45 slot as well as your usual ports like an HDMI.

The brushed aluminum case is lightweight yet durable and will be able to take the shock of being thrown into a backpack and taken on the bus. There is also a 180-degree hinge, which allows you to lay the Probook flat during meetings or for content creation.

There is a user-facing webcam, which looks crystal clear. Paired with the usual HP speaker system, this makes meetings easy and clear.

This laptop is designed with the businessman in mind. From the sleek design to the hidden high-end power part list the HP Probook surprises from the second you turn it on.

If you are the kind of person who loves to squeeze every bit of performance possible from your dollars, then you should consider purchasing the HP Probook.

Good
  • HP quality
  • Great speaker system
  • Thin and lightweight
  • M.2 SSD
Bad
  • Lacking in GPU power

8. LG Gram

On Sale Today
LG Gram Laptop 17" (2560x1600) IPS Display,...
  • 17” WQXGA (2560 x 1600) IPS LCD Screen
  • Windows 10 Home (64 bit)
  • Intel 10th Generation i7-1065G7 CPU To Iris...
  • 16 GB DDR4 RAM and 1 TB M 2 NMVe SSD (512 GB...

Most Portable Hackintosh Laptop

Processor (CPU)

 Intel i7

RAM

16 GB

Display Resolution

1080p

Graphics/GPU

Intel Iris XE

Screen Size

17"

Storage

1TB SSD

If you are always on the move and need a lightweight yet capable laptop that can keep up with you, the LG Gram is one of the most portable yet powerful laptops on the market.

While LG is not well known for their laptops, and they have smashed it out of the park entirely with the Gram.

Being called the Gram, the first thing we are obviously going to talk about is the size and weight. Weighing in at under 2.5lbs, the Gram is exceptionally light. What's most surprising, though, is the fact that these 2.5lbs contain some of the most high-end components on the market.

To start with, you have a 10th gen i7 processor paired with 16GB DDR4 RAM. Then you have a 1 TB m.2 SSD. We have no idea how they have managed to fit these parts into such a small package, but we are seriously impressed.

It doesn't stop there either. The Gram comes with one of the most extended battery lives we have ever seen. Rated for over 20.5 hours, you are truly untethered.

Then you have the high-attention to security. You get a biometric fingerprint scanner and an automatic shutdown webcam. You also have LG's onboard cloud security.

When it comes to keyboards, portable laptops usually suffer from cheap-feeling keys and poor throw. That isn't the case with the Gram. You get a backlit keyboard with mechanical switches designed to make you feel like you are typing on a full-sized keyboard.

You also get the DTS:X audio system, which fills the room with rich and deep bassy sound without it getting tinny. This audio system sounds even better with a good headset, as the 3D Audio immersion tech makes you feel like you are right in the middle of the action.

The Gram has been built from the ground up for those that want a lightweight and powerful machine built into one neat little package.

When we first learned that an ultra-powerful ultra-lightweight laptop that was being built by LG, we were skeptical at first. We are happy to admit we were wrong.

Good
  • Incredible battery life
  • Extremely lightweight
  • 17" screen
  • DTSX audio
Bad
  • Easy to break

How To Build A Hackintosh Laptop

Building a Hackintosh isn't for the faint-hearted; it can be complex and frustrating. First, you need to make sure you have a laptop capable of running the tech. Then you should head over to one of the popular forums listed here. There you will find long guides and a community who be eager to help you on your journey.


People Also Ask (FAQs)

Are there any common problems with Hackintosh?

When installing an operating system designed for different hardware, the most common problem is glitching, bugs, and simply not turning on. The best way to solve these problems is to head over to one of the knowledgeable forums online. Most problems have already been brought to light there and solved.

Is using Hackintosh illegal?

No, it is not illegal to install macOS onto a windows laptop.

Can Hackintosh compatible laptops run all Mac software?

This depends on the base spec of your Hackintosh capable laptop.

Is Hackintosh reliable and safe? Are they worth it?

A Hackintosh is a great way to enjoy the macOS on software much more powerful and much more cost-effective than what Apple sells.

Can I Hackintosh my laptop?

Not all laptops are capable of running Hackintosh software; make sure you do your research before messing with your hardware.

Where is the best place to buy a Hackintosh laptop for sale?

Once you have decided which laptop you want to buy, you should head over to Amazon. Their prices are the most competitive, and their returns and delivery policies are second to none.


Conclusion

After reading this article, we hope we have given you the tools and knowledge to buy the perfect Hackintosh laptop for your needs. If you are still undecided, our top pick, the Dell XPS 13, is the perfect all-rounder, well suited to most people's needs.