The field of Artificial intelligence (AI) is driven by the ambitious goal of simulating human intelligence in machines.
As simple as it may sound, doing it is difficult and requires a lot of hours working on designing a system and training it.
AI has grown a lot and has done well in showing its good side. But what lies on the dark side of AI?
Here, we will discuss some of the negative effects of artificial intelligence that you need to know.
Armed with this knowledge, you can be better equipped to choose to embrace AI or be wary of it.
Also Read: Why Robots are Important?
Negative Effects of Artificial Intelligence for Human Society
1. Biases in AI
At the very center of the design of an AI system are people. People who write the algorithms and program the logic for these systems.
The AI can only be as good as it is designed to be and this same argument holds at the opposite end of the spectrum.
Artificial Intelligence can be made subject to biases that can be introduced into the system by the programmers.
Having biases will affect the working of the system and hence the results. The processing of data that has been provided will be highly affected and the integrity of the information produced will be lost.
It is very important to take care when dealing with AI since the system can learn what it is taught.
This, of course, may have negative impacts when the wrong datasets are used in training the AI.
2. Rise in Cyber Terrorism
Development of AI is bound to have unprecedented impacts on online security.
An AI can be designed to identify flaws in systems and exploit them for malicious purposes. Such a threat would be difficult to deal with due to the very fact that an AI will have much faster computational power than a human.
It would be difficult to track such an attack and even counter it in time. The future of AI is promising for online security, but threats such as these could keep many people awake at night.
As advancements in machine learning continue to take place, it is important to look at security threats and have measures in place to tackle them.
Black hat hackers with the right skills in Artificial Intelligence may also have the ability to completely mask their attacks and security agencies might fail to detect them.
People with the wrong intentions might compromise financial institutions and even make away with sensitive information.
Also Read: What Computers Can’t Do?
3. Smart Machines Replacing Workers
We are currently at a point in time where robots are taking over some of the jobs that people used to do. However, the robots have to be reprogrammed and whenever a change is needed, they have to be reconfigured.
Now, imagine an AI that can adapt itself to different demands of the workplace. The system will be able to play the role of several people flexibly and efficiently and might even cut the overall labor costs for a particular industry.
Such a machine may threaten the jobs of many professionals in certain fields because a task that was done by several people would require just a few “smart” machines.
Of course, all this is in the ideal future. But such a society that has machines that can replace hundreds or even thousands of workers is not unheard of.
It is only a matter of time before these machines become smarter and no longer need to be supervised or instructed to perform their tasks.
Also Read: Can Computers Replace Teachers?
4. AI Can Strip Us Off of What Makes Us Human
As human beings, we have always prided ourselves on being one of the most intelligent species on the planet.
We, of course, have used this to our advantage by engaging in academia and innovation. But what happens when there is a smarter entity among us that has better answers to our hardest questions?
With such an AI, there will be no need to work towards solving problems.
A true AI, one that has passed the Turing Test and proven to be capable of thinking like a human will have more capacity to solve complex problems than we ever could.
We would no longer need to research and innovate. The very need to go to school as we know it today may be done away with.
People will not feel the need to be creative or to make any advances themselves because there’ll be a powerful AI whose job is taking care of such problems.
When talking about the negative effects of artificial intelligence, the opponents usually talk about the technological singularity – a point in the future where technology surpasses human intelligence and capacity.
While we have seen this theme in plenty of sci-fi movies and shows, it is far from being a fiction. In fact, technology entrepreneurs like Elon Musk have already warned about the dangers of Artificial Intelligence.
“Mark my words, AI is far more dangerous than nukes” – Elon Musk
5. AI Can Erode Human Connections
Have you heard of chatbots? These are software systems that can potentially simulate an actual conversation with a person in a way that seems human.
In a simpler term, these are software that can chat with people. Through AI, chatbots can be developed to be as natural as possible in processing human language and understanding the contextual meanings of the messages they receive. Well, what is the problem with that?
For people with social anxiety, chatbots can be an escape from social interactions.
It might even become addictive and people’s social relationships may be affected. An intelligent chatbot with natural human-like thought processing capabilities will be able to fill the void of loneliness that many people may have at one point in time.
Such an AI will be capable of having human-like interaction and as such people may fail to see the need for taking the initiative to meet other people.
Currently, AI is painted as the hypothetical silver bullet that will provide solutions to many of humanity’s problems.
It is a field that is alive with possibilities, some of which are yet to be uncovered.
However, before we dive deeper into this field and uncover its mysteries, we should also make a point of knowing some of the pitfalls that may come about as a result.
In as much as the field of AI has many advantages, some of the negative effects of artificial intelligence shown above are too glaring to go unmanaged.
A wise person once said, with great power comes great responsibility.